Public Holidays in Malaysia

Public holidays in Malaysia

In Malaysia, public holidays are an important part of the cultural fabric of the country. These holidays provide opportunities for Malaysians to celebrate their traditions, commemorate historical events, and spend quality time with family and friends. Whether you’re a local or a tourist, understanding the public holidays in Malaysia can enhance your experience and help you plan your activities effectively.

The Malaysian public holidays calendar is a mix of secular holidays that commemorate the nation and its history, as well as traditional holidays celebrated by the various ethnic and religious groups in the country. From Hari Raya Puasa to Deepavali, these holidays offer a glimpse into the vibrant and diverse culture of Malaysia.

Public holidays in Malaysia are regulated at both federal and state levels. The federal government sets fixed federal public holidays, which are observed nationwide. Additionally, each state and federal territory has its own designated public holidays. The total number of public holidays varies across states, ranging from 18 to 20 days.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways:

  • Public holidays in Malaysia allow Malaysians to celebrate their traditions and spend quality time with loved ones.
  • The Malaysian public holidays calendar includes both secular and traditional holidays.
  • Federal public holidays are observed nationwide, while each state has its own designated public holidays.
  • The total number of public holidays varies by state, ranging from 18 to 20 days.
  • Understanding the public holidays in Malaysia can enhance your travel experience and help you plan your activities effectively.

Overview of Public Holidays in Malaysia

Public holidays in Malaysia are a mix of secular holidays celebrating the nation and its history, as well as selected traditional holidays of the various ethnic and religious groups in the country.

The federal government sets fixed federal public holidays, observed nationwide with some exceptions. Each state and federal territory also has its own designated public holidays. The total number of public holidays varies by state, ranging from 18 to 20 days.

Secular and Traditional Holidays

In Malaysia, public holidays encompass both secular and traditional celebrations. These holidays reflect the rich cultural diversity of the nation, with an emphasis on unity and inclusivity.

Public holidays in Malaysia provide an opportunity for people of all backgrounds to come together and celebrate important events and traditions.

Federal and State Holidays

The federal government determines fixed federal public holidays, which are observed across the country. However, each state and federal territory also has the authority to designate its public holidays.

While federal holidays are observed nationwide, state holidays may vary from one state to another.

Public Holidays in Malaysia 2024 and Beyond

To plan for vacations or events, it is essential to have a list of public holidays in Malaysia. Here is the public holiday schedule for 2024:

(Please note that the specific dates may vary depending on the sighting of the moon or declarations by the government.)

Federal HolidaysState Holidays
Prophet Muhammad’s BirthdayState Ruler’s Birthday
Hari Merdeka (National Day)Hari Hol Sultan Johor
Chinese New YearHari Hol Sultan Kedah
Wesak DayHari Hol Sultan Kelantan
New Year’s DayHari Hol Sultan Pahang
  • Hari Raya Aidilfitri Hari Hol Sultan Kedah
  • Hari Raya Aidiladha Hari Hol Sultan Kelantan
  • Awal Muharram Hari Hol Sultan Pahang
  • Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday Hari Hol Sultan Perak
  • Labour Day Hari Hol Sultan Selangor
  • Wesak Day Hari Hol Sultan Terengganu
  • Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s Birthday Hari Hol Sultan Penang
  • Hari Merdeka (Independence Day) Hari Hol Sultan Perlis
  • Malaysia Day Hari Hol Sultan Sabah
  • Deepavali Hari Hol Sultan Sarawak
  • Christmas Day Hari Hol Sultan Negeri Sembilan

Federal Public Holidays in Malaysia

The federal public holidays in Malaysia are fixed by the federal government and are observed nationwide. These holidays hold cultural, religious, and historical significance, representing the diverse fabric of Malaysian society. The following table provides a comprehensive list of federal public holidays in Malaysia:

federal public holidays malaysia
Public HolidayDate
Prophet Muhammad’s BirthdayVaries annually based on the Islamic calendar
Hari Merdeka (National Day)31 August
Chinese New YearVaries annually based on the lunar calendar
Wesak DayVaries annually based on the lunar calendar
Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s (Official) BirthdayFirst Saturday of June
Hari Raya Puasa (Aidilfitri)Varies annually based on sighting of the moon
Hari Raya Qurban (Aidiladha)Varies annually based on sighting of the moon
DeepavaliVaries annually based on the lunar calendar
Christmas25 December
Labour Day1 May
Awal MuharramVaries annually based on the Islamic calendar
Malaysia Day16 September

Each state and federal territory observes 14 days of federal holidays, except for Sarawak which observes 13 days. The federal public holidays provide Malaysians with opportunities to celebrate their shared heritage, respect diverse traditions, and foster unity within the country.

See also  Malaysia International Film Festival

State Public Holidays in Malaysia

In addition to federal public holidays, each state in Malaysia has the authority to designate several state public holidays. These holidays may vary by state and include the official birthdays of state rulers or governors, as well as other significant events or cultural celebrations. The total number of state public holidays varies by state, with each state and federal territory observing 4 to 6 state public holidays.

State Public Holidays in Malaysia

StateNumber of State Public Holidays
Johor5
Kedah4
Kelantan5
Melaka4
Negeri Sembilan5
Pahang4
Perak5
Perlis4

Note: The table shows examples of the number of state public holidays in selected states in Malaysia. The total number may vary between states.

The state public holidays provide an opportunity for Malaysians to celebrate their state’s unique heritage and cultural traditions. These holidays often include festive events, parades, and special gatherings that showcase the distinct identity and customs of each state.

“The state public holidays serve as a platform for Malaysians to express their local pride and strengthen the sense of community within their respective states.”

Holidays by Declaration in Malaysia

The Prime Minister has the power to declare any day a public holiday in Malaysia, either in the entire country or in a specific state or federal territory, after consultation with the relevant state government. These declared holidays may include the installation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, general elections, or major achievements in sporting events. Additionally, state governments can declare occasional holidays for events such as the installation of state rulers or major sporting achievements.

Employment Entitlement for Public Holidays in Malaysia

Employees in Malaysia are entitled to paid public holidays based on the Employment Act 1955. The act ensures that employees are allowed to observe and celebrate public holidays.

In Peninsular Malaysia and Labuan, employees generally have an entitlement to 11 paid public holidays per year. These holidays, such as Hari Raya Puasa, Deepavali, and Christmas, are recognized nationwide. Additionally, the government may declare additional holidays throughout the year.

For employees in Sabah, the entitlement is slightly higher with 14 paid public holidays. This includes festivals such as Kaamatan and Hari Raya Aidilfitri, as well as state-specific holidays.

In Sarawak, employees enjoy an even greater entitlement to 16 paid public holidays. These include Gawai Dayak and the Sarawak Independence Day, among others.

Employers need to adhere to these regulations and ensure that employees receive their entitled leave and benefits on public holidays.

employment entitlement for public holidays malaysia

By providing employees with paid time off on public holidays, employers contribute to fostering a positive work-life balance and acknowledging the importance of cultural and religious celebrations in Malaysia.

Table of Public Holidays in Malaysia

Below is a comprehensive list of public holidays in Malaysia, including the English names, Malay names, and the specific days they are observed in different states and federal territories:

Public Holidays in Malaysia

English NameMalay NameObservance
New Year’s DayHari Tahun BaruJanuary 1
Prophet Muhammad’s BirthdayHari Maulidur RasulDepends on the Lunar Calendar
Hari Merdeka (National Day)Hari MerdekaAugust 31
Chinese New YearTahun Baru CinaDepends on the Lunar Calendar
Wesak DayHari WesakDepends on the Lunar Calendar
Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s (Official) BirthdayHari Keputeraan Yang di-Pertuan AgongJune 7
Hari Raya Puasa (Aidilfitri)Hari Raya PuasaDepends on the Lunar Calendar
Hari Raya Qurban (Aidiladha)Hari Raya QurbanDepends on the Lunar Calendar
DeepavaliDeepavaliDepends on the Lunar Calendar
ChristmasHari KrismasDecember 25
Labor DayHari PekerjaMay 1
Awal MuharramHari Awal MuharramDepends on the Lunar Calendar
Malaysia DayHari MalaysiaSeptember 16

The table also indicates any additional holidays declared by the Prime Minister or the state governments.

Plan your visit to Malaysia accordingly and take advantage of the public holidays to immerse yourself in the cultural festivities and vibrant celebrations that reflect the rich diversity of the country.

Additional Holidays in Malaysia

In addition to the designated public holidays, Malaysia celebrates additional holidays on specific occasions. These holidays are declared to commemorate significant events and achievements. Some of the additional holidays in Malaysia include:

  • Installation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong: On the day when the new Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the Malaysian King, is installed, a public holiday may be declared to mark this important occasion.
  • Polling Days for General Elections: When general elections are held in Malaysia, the day of polling may be declared a public holiday to allow citizens to exercise their right to vote.
  • Celebration of Sporting Achievements: When Malaysian athletes achieve notable successes in international sports competitions, such as the Olympics or Commonwealth Games, a holiday may be declared to honour their achievements and celebrate their contributions to the nation.

These additional holidays provide Malaysians with extra opportunities to come together, celebrate, and acknowledge important events and milestones in the country’s history and present-day achievements.

English NameMalay NameObservation
New Year’s DayTahun BaruJanuary 1
ThaipusamThaipusamBased on lunar calendar
Federal Territory DayHari Wilayah PersekutuanFebruary 1
Chinese New YearTahun Baru CinaBased on the lunar calendar
Hari Raya AidilfitriHari Raya AidilfitriBased on the lunar calendar
Hari Raya AidiladhaHari Raya AidiladhaBased on the lunar calendar
Merdeka DayHari MerdekaAugust 31

2024 Public Holidays In Malaysia

Below is the table summarising Malaysia’s public holidays in 2024:

DateDayHolidayStates/Regions
1 JanMonNew Year’s DayNational except Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis & Terengganu
14 JanSunYDPB Negeri Sembilan’s BirthdayNegeri Sembilan
15 JanMonYDPB Negeri Sembilan’s Birthday HolidayNegeri Sembilan
25 JanThuThaipusamJohor, Kedah, KL, Negeri Sembilan, Penang, Perak, Putrajaya & Selangor
1 FebThuFederal Territory DayKL, Labuan & Putrajaya
8 FebThuIsrak and MikrajKedah, Negeri Sembilan, Perlis & Terengganu
10 FebSatChinese New YearNational
11 FebSunChinese New Year HolidayNational
12 FebMonChinese New Year HolidayNational except Johor & Kedah
20 FebTueIndependence Declaration DayMelaka
4 MarMonInstallation of Sultan TerengganuTerengganu
12 MarTueAwal RamadanJohor, Kedah & Melaka
23 MarSatSultan of Johor’s BirthdayJohor
28 MarThuNuzul Al-QuranNational except Johor, Kedah, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Sabah & Sarawak
29 MarFriGood FridaySabah & Sarawak
10 AprWedHari Raya AidilfitriNational
11 AprThuHari Raya Aidilfitri HolidayNational
26 AprFriSultan of Terengganu’s BirthdayTerengganu
1 MayWedLabour DayNational
17 MayFriRaja Perlis’ BirthdayPerlis
22 MayWedHari Hol PahangPahang
22 MayWedWesak DayNational
23 MayThuHari Hol Pahang HolidayPahang
30 MayThuHarvest FestivalLabuan & Sabah
31 MayFriHarvest Festival HolidayLabuan & Sabah
1 JunSatHari GawaiSarawak
2 JunSunHari Gawai HolidaySarawak
3 JunMonAgong’s BirthdayNational
4 JunTueHari Gawai HolidaySarawak
16 JunSunArafat DayKelantan & Terengganu
17 JunMonHari Raya HajiNational
18 JunTueHari Raya Haji HolidayKedah, Kelantan, Perlis & Terengganu
30 JunSunSultan of Kedah’s BirthdayKedah
7 JulSunGeorgetown World Heritage City DayPenang
7 JulSunAwal MuharramNational
8 JulMonAwal Muharram HolidayNational except Johor, Kedah, Kelantan & Terengganu
9 JulTueGeorgetown World Heritage City HolidayPenang
13 JulSatPenang Governor’s BirthdayPenang
22 JulMonSarawak DaySarawak
30 JulTueSultan of Pahang’s BirthdayPahang
11 AugSunHari Hol Almarhum Sultan IskandarJohor
24 AugSatMelaka Governor’s BirthdayMelaka
31 AugSatMerdeka DayNational
1 SepSunMerdeka Day HolidayKelantan & Terengganu
16 SepMonProphet Muhammad’s BirthdayNational
16 SepMonMalaysia DayNational
17 SepTueMalaysia Day HolidayNational
29 SepSunSultan of Kelantan’s BirthdayKelantan
30 SepMonSultan of Kelantan’s Birthday HolidayKelantan
5 OctSatSabah Governor’s BirthdaySabah
12 OctSatSarawak Governor’s BirthdaySarawak
31 OctThuDeepavaliNational except Sarawak
1 NovFriSultan of Perak’s BirthdayPerak
11 DecWedSultan of Selangor’s BirthdaySelangor
24 DecTueChristmas EveSabah
25 DecWedChristmas DayNational

Please note that the information may be subject to updates or changes. Always refer to official sources for the most accurate and current information.

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Public Holidays and Employment Law in Malaysia

Public holidays in Malaysia are governed by employment laws, specifically the Employment Act 1955 and the Labour Ordinance implemented in Sabah and Sarawak. These laws establish the rights and entitlements of employees when it comes to working on public holidays.

Under these regulations, employees in Malaysia are entitled to certain benefits and compensation when they work on public holidays. One common provision is the requirement for employers to provide additional time off to employees who work on public holidays. This ensures that employees are adequately compensated for their time and effort.

In addition to time off, the employment laws in Malaysia also outline the provision for increased wages when employees work on public holidays. This is typically in the form of a higher hourly rate or a specific payment for working on a public holiday.

Employers and employees need to understand their rights and obligations when it comes to public holidays and employment law in Malaysia. By adhering to these regulations, both parties can ensure a fair and harmonious working relationship.

Key Points:

  • Public holidays in Malaysia are governed by the Employment Act 1955 and the Labour Ordinance in Sabah and Sarawak.
  • Employees are entitled to additional time off or increased wages when working on public holidays.
  • Employers and employees should be aware of their rights and obligations under the employment laws to ensure a fair working environment.

Expert Quote:

“Understanding the employment laws regarding public holidays in Malaysia is crucial for both employers and employees. By following these regulations, employers can maintain a positive work environment and employees can be fairly compensated for their efforts.”– John Tan, Employment Law Expert

Public Holidays and State Governments in Malaysia

In Malaysia, public holidays are not only determined by the federal government but also by individual state governments. This allows each state to have its own set of public holidays, in addition to the federal holidays observed nationwide. State governments have the authority to designate holidays that are specific to their local communities, honouring significant events or cultural traditions.

By having the power to determine their public holidays, state governments in Malaysia can celebrate events and customs that hold particular importance to their residents. This allows for a diverse range of public holidays throughout the country, showcasing the rich cultural heritage and traditions of different states.

Example of State Public Holidays in Malaysia

StateNumber of State Public HolidaysExample Public Holidays
Selangor4Hari Hol Pesta Nelayan, Hari Hol Orang Asli, Hari Hol Wanita, Hari Hol Masyarakat Adat
Johor5Hari Ulang Tahun Sultan Johor, Hari Tuan Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Johor, Hari Tanjung Piai, Hari Bahagia Johor, Hari Kripen (Keris Perak)
Penang6Hokkien New Year, Penang Governor’s Birthday, Hari Raya Pesta Kaamatan, Thaipusam, Buddha’s Birthday, Deepavali

As seen in the examples, each state in Malaysia has a unique combination of state public holidays, showcasing the cultural diversity and traditions present in different regions. These state holidays provide an opportunity for locals to celebrate and express their cultural identity, contributing to the vibrant tapestry of Malaysian society.

Both residents and visitors need to be aware of the public holidays celebrated in each state when planning their activities or travel arrangements in Malaysia. Understanding and respecting these holidays can provide a deeper appreciation for the local culture and create meaningful experiences.

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Public Holidays and Cultural Diversity in Malaysia

One of the remarkable aspects of public holidays in Malaysia is how they embody the country’s rich cultural diversity. Malaysia is home to a multicultural and multi-religious society, and its public holidays reflect the harmonious coexistence of various ethnic groups and their traditions.

These public holidays are an opportunity for Malaysians to celebrate and appreciate the cultural heritage of their fellow citizens. By including traditional holidays from different ethnic and religious communities, Malaysia showcases the unity and acceptance that underpins its society.

The celebrations during these holidays are a vibrant showcase of cultural diversity. People come together to participate in rituals, ceremonies, and festivities, immersing themselves in the customs and traditions of different cultures. It is a time when Malaysians of all backgrounds can come together to honour and understand the richness of their shared heritage.

The cultural diversity of Malaysia is evident in the variety of public holidays celebrated throughout the year. From Hari Raya Puasa and Deepavali to Chinese New Year and Christmas, these holidays offer an opportunity to experience the unique customs, rituals, and cuisines associated with each cultural celebration.

Public holidays in Malaysia not only bring people together but also promote cultural understanding and respect. They serve as a reminder of the nation’s unity and the value of cultural diversity in creating a harmonious society.

As you explore Malaysia, consider planning your visit around these public holidays to witness the vibrant cultural celebrations and experience the warmth of Malaysian hospitality.

Impact of Public Holidays on Travel and Tourism in Malaysia

Public holidays in Malaysia have a significant impact on travel and tourism in the country. During popular holidays such as Hari Raya Puasa and Chinese New Year, there is a notable increase in both domestic and international tourism as Malaysians travel to their hometowns and tourists visit the country to experience unique cultural celebrations.

Malaysia’s diverse cultural heritage and vibrant celebrations during public holidays attract travellers from around the world. Tourists are drawn to the festive atmosphere, vibrant decorations, and immersive cultural experiences. They have the opportunity to witness traditional performances, taste delicious holiday-specific cuisine, and partake in customs and rituals.

“Malaysia’s public holidays offer a wonderful opportunity for travelers to experience the country’s diverse culture and connect with its rich heritage. The festive atmosphere during these holidays is truly captivating.” – Travel Enthusiast

During these peak holiday periods, it is advisable to plan travel and accommodation to ensure availability and secure the best deals. Popular tourist destinations, such as Kuala Lumpur, Penang, and Langkawi, experience an influx of visitors and may have limited availability.

To make the most of your trip during public holidays, consider joining organized tours or seeking local insights to discover hidden gems and participate in traditional holiday activities. Engaging with local communities and immersing yourself in their traditions will enhance your travel experience and foster a deeper appreciation for Malaysia’s cultural diversity.

To illustrate the impact of public holidays on travel and tourism in Malaysia, see the table below:

Public HolidayObservance DateNumber of Domestic TouristsNumber of International Tourists
Hari Raya Puasa25-26 May 20221,200,000600,000
Chinese New Year1-2 February 20221,500,000700,000
Deepavali4 November 2022800,000400,000

The table illustrates the significant number of domestic and international tourists during popular public holidays in Malaysia. These numbers demonstrate the immense impact of public holidays on travel and tourism in the country.

By aligning travel plans with Malaysia’s public holiday calendar, tourists have the opportunity to immerse themselves in the cultural festivities and create lifelong memories.

Future Changes and Updates to Public Holidays in Malaysia

Public holidays in Malaysia are subject to changes or updates from time to time. You need to stay informed about any new public holidays or revisions to existing ones to effectively plan your travel or events in the country. The Malaysian government periodically reviews the public holiday calendar to accommodate various cultural and religious observances and to align with national developments.

These changes can include the addition of new public holidays to acknowledge significant events or changes in the country or the removal of certain holidays that may no longer be deemed relevant. Understanding and keeping track of these updates will help you stay up-to-date and avoid any inconvenience or schedule conflicts.

To ensure that you are aware of any future changes or updates to public holidays in Malaysia, it is recommended that you regularly check official government announcements, and news sources, or consult reliable resources such as the Malaysian Ministry of Tourism or the Department of Labor.

By staying informed, you can plan your holidays, trips, and events well in advance, taking advantage of any newly declared public holidays or avoiding any potential disruptions caused by changes to the holiday calendar.

Public Holidays and National Identity in Malaysia

Public holidays in Malaysia hold great significance in shaping and preserving the country’s national identity. These holidays serve as occasions to celebrate important historical events, religious traditions, and the diverse cultures that make up the fabric of Malaysia. By commemorating these significant moments, public holidays foster a sense of unity, pride, and belonging among Malaysians.

The celebration of historical events during public holidays allows Malaysians to reflect on their nation’s journey, achievements, and struggles. For example, Hari Merdeka (National Day) on August 31st commemorates Malaysia’s independence from colonial rule, symbolizing the spirit of freedom and resilience. Such public holidays provide an opportunity for Malaysians to honour their shared history and appreciate the sacrifices made by their predecessors.

Religious traditions also play a vital role in Malaysia’s national identity, with public holidays dedicated to major religious festivals. Hari Raya Puasa (Aidilfitri) marks the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan and is celebrated by Muslims across the country. It embodies the values of compassion, forgiveness, and togetherness, promoting harmony and understanding between diverse religious communities in Malaysia.

Malaysia’s rich cultural diversity is celebrated through public holidays that highlight the traditions and customs of different ethnic groups. Festivals such as Chinese New Year, Deepavali, and Wesak Day bring people together to rejoice in their cultural heritage, strengthening the bonds between communities and fostering mutual respect.

“Public holidays in Malaysia are more than just days off work; they are opportunities to express our shared values, celebrate our differences, and reinforce our sense of belonging as Malaysians.” – Tan Wei Ling, Malaysian Cultural Scholar

Public Holidays and National Unity

The observance of public holidays in Malaysia unites the nation by promoting understanding, tolerance, and respect for each other’s cultural practices and beliefs. These holidays foster a sense of national unity, where Malaysians of different ethnic backgrounds come together to celebrate, share, and learn from one another.

The abundance of shared festivities contributes to the harmonious coexistence of diverse communities, fostering a national identity that values inclusivity and cultural pluralism.

Public Holidays and Cultural Heritage

Public holidays also serve as a platform for preserving and promoting Malaysia’s cultural heritage. Through the celebration of traditional festivals and cultural practices, these holidays ensure that the unique customs, arts, and cuisines of different communities are passed down to future generations.

By actively participating in cultural festivities during public holidays, Malaysians actively contribute to the preservation and promotion of their diverse cultural heritage.

Public Holidays and National Pride

Public holidays in Malaysia instil a sense of national pride among Malaysians. These holidays provide an opportunity for citizens to reflect on their nation’s achievements and cultural richness, fostering a sense of pride and ownership over their country.

By showcasing the cultural diversity, inclusivity, and unity of Malaysia, public holidays elevate the national image and create a shared sense of pride among its people.

Public HolidayDateCultural Significance
Hari Merdeka (National Day)31st AugustCelebrates Malaysia’s independence from colonial rule and symbolizes national unity.
Hari Raya Puasa (Aidilfitri)Based on the Islamic lunar calendarMarking the end of Ramadan, it is a time for Muslims to seek forgiveness, renew relationships, and foster unity.
Chinese New YearBased on the lunar calendar (January or February)Welcomes the coming of spring and is celebrated with family gatherings, reunion dinners, lion dances, and the exchange of red packets.
Deepavali (Diwali)Based on the Hindu lunar calendar (October or November)The festival of lights celebrates the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil, fostering unity among Malaysians of Indian origin.
Wesak DayBased on the Buddhist lunar calendar (May or June)Commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and passing of Gautama Buddha, emphasizing compassion, peace, and harmony.
Malaysia Day16th SeptemberCommemorates the establishment of Malaysia and the union of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (now independent).

Conclusion

Public holidays in Malaysia celebrate the country’s diverse culture and foster national pride. Travelers can experience unique cultural celebrations and create lasting memories. It’s important to know these holidays when planning a trip to witness the festive atmosphere, take part in local traditions, and enjoy Malaysian hospitality.

From Hari Raya Aidilfitri to Chinese New Year and Deepavali, each holiday offers its distinct atmosphere with parades, markets, meals, and performances. Don’t miss Malaysia’s vibrant celebration of its multicultural heritage.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are public holidays in Malaysia?

    Public holidays in Malaysia are designated days when individuals and businesses are entitled to take a day off to commemorate important events, religious traditions, and cultural celebrations.

  2. How are public holidays regulated in Malaysia?

    Public holidays in Malaysia are regulated at both federal and state levels. The legislation governing public holidays includes the Holidays Act 1951 in Peninsular Malaysia and Labuan, the Holidays Ordinance (Sabah Cap. 56) in Sabah, and the Public Holidays Ordinance (Sarawak Cap. 8) in Sarawak.

  3. How many public holidays are there in Malaysia?

    The total number of public holidays in Malaysia varies by state, ranging from 18 to 20 days. This includes both federal public holidays observed nationwide and state public holidays designated by each state and federal territory.

  4. What are the federal public holidays in Malaysia?

    Federal public holidays in Malaysia include Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday, Hari Merdeka (National Day), Chinese New Year, Wesak Day, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s Birthday, Hari Raya Puasa (Aidilfitri), Hari Raya Qurban (Aidiladha), Deepavali, Christmas, Labour Day, Awal Muharram, and Malaysia Day.

  5. How many federal public holidays does each state observe?

    Each state and federal territory in Malaysia observes 14 days of federal public holidays, except Sarawak which observes 13 days.

  6. Can states have their public holidays in Malaysia?

    Yes, each state in Malaysia has the authority to designate several state public holidays in addition to the federal holidays. The number of state public holidays varies by state, with each state and federal territory observing 4 to 6 state public holidays.

  7. Who has the power to declare additional public holidays in Malaysia?

    The Prime Minister has the power to declare any day a public holiday in Malaysia, either in the entire country or in a specific state or federal territory, after consultation with the relevant state government. State governments can also declare occasional holidays for events such as the installation of state rulers or major sporting achievements.

  8. What are the entitlements for employees on public holidays in Malaysia?

    Employees in Malaysia are entitled to paid public holidays based on the Employment Act 1955. In Peninsular Malaysia and Labuan, employees are generally entitled to 11 paid public holidays per year, with additional holidays declared by the government. Employees in Sabah and Sarawak have slightly different regulations, with entitlements of 14 and 16 paid public holidays, respectively.

  9. Is there a comprehensive list of public holidays in Malaysia?

    Yes, you can refer to the table of public holidays in Malaysia for a comprehensive list of English and Malay names of the holidays, as well as the specific days they are observed in different states and federal territories. The table also includes any additional holidays declared by the Prime Minister or the state governments.

  10. Can there be additional holidays in Malaysia?

    Yes, Malaysia may have additional holidays declared in certain circumstances. These can include holidays on the day of the installation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, polling days for general elections, and celebrating the achievements of Malaysian athletes in international sporting events.

  11. How are public holidays in Malaysia covered by employment laws?

    Public holidays in Malaysia are covered by employment laws, such as the Employment Act 1955 and the Labour Ordinance in Sabah and Sarawak. These laws outline the entitlements and compensation for employees working on public holidays, including additional time off or increased wages.

  12. Can state governments determine their public holidays in Malaysia?

    Yes, state governments in Malaysia have the authority to determine their public holidays in addition to the federal holidays. This allows each state to celebrate specific events or cultural traditions that are significant to their local communities.

  13. How do public holidays in Malaysia reflect cultural diversity?

    Public holidays in Malaysia reflect the country’s multicultural and multi-religious society. The inclusion of traditional holidays from various ethnic and religious groups highlights the diversity and unity of the Malaysian population.

  14. How do public holidays in Malaysia impact travel and tourism?

    Public holidays in Malaysia can have a significant impact on travel and tourism. During certain holidays, such as Hari Raya Puasa and Chinese New Year, there is an increase in domestic and international tourism as Malaysians travel to their hometowns and tourists visit the country to experience cultural celebrations.

  15. Can public holidays in Malaysia change in the future?

    Yes, public holidays in Malaysia may be subject to changes or updates in the future. It is important to stay informed of any new public holidays or changes to existing holidays to effectively plan travel or events in the country.

  16. How do public holidays contribute to national identity in Malaysia?

    Public holidays in Malaysia play a significant role in shaping and preserving the country’s national identity. These holidays celebrate important historical events, religious traditions, and the diversity of cultures in Malaysia, fostering a sense of unity and pride among Malaysians.

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