Kannawidan Ylocos Festival Philippines

Kannawidan Ylocos Festival

Welcome to the vibrant province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines, where tradition, culture, and heritage come alive in the annual celebration of Kannawidan Ylocos.

Held every 2nd of February, this week-long festival commemorates the founding anniversary of Ilocos Sur while showcasing the rich history and customs of the region.

From the captivating city of Vigan, the capital of Ilocos Sur, to the picturesque landscapes that surround it, Kannawidan Ylocos offers a diverse array of activities and events that captivate both locals and visitors alike.

Let’s learn about the captivating story behind Kannawidan Ylocos and explore the fascinating highlights of this remarkable festival.

Key Takeaways

  • Kannawidan Ylocos was launched in 2008 to promote awareness and preservation of local culture, tradition, heritage, and customs.
  • It showcases local products, artistry, and craftsmanship and aims to boost the local tourism industry.
  • Kannawidan Ylocos marks the historic establishment of Ilocos Sur during Spanish times.
  • The festival includes a wide range of activities such as traditional games, cultural shows, talent contests, exhibits, sporting events, and street dance competitions.

Facts About The Kannawidan Ylocos Festival

FactsExplanation
Name of the FestivalKannawidan Ylocos Festival
Type of FestivalCultural Festival
City of OriginVigan City, Ilocos Sur, Philippines
Festival Etymology“Kannawidan” is an Ilocano word that means “culture” or “heritage”, reflecting the festival’s aim to celebrate and showcase the rich cultural heritage of the Ilocano people.
Date Celebrated FirstJanuary 29, 1998
Founder of the FestivalHon. Deogracias Victor “DV” B. Savellano
Brief History of the FestivalThe Kannawidan Ylocos Festival was first celebrated in 1998 as a way to promote and preserve the cultural heritage of the Ilocano people. It has since become an annual event that showcases various aspects of Ilocano culture, including traditional dances, music, cuisine, crafts, and agricultural products. The festival aims to instill a sense of pride in the local community and attract visitors from all over the Philippines and beyond to experience the unique traditions of the Ilocano people.
Brief History of the CityVigan City, known as the “Heritage City of the Philippines,” has a rich history dating back to the Spanish colonial period. It was founded in the 16th century and served as the capital of Ilocos Sur. The city’s well-preserved Spanish colonial architecture, cobblestone streets, and historic sites have earned it recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Vigan City is a testament to the blending of Spanish, Chinese, and indigenous cultures, making it an ideal location for celebrating the cultural heritage of the Ilocano people during the Kannawidan Ylocos Festival.
Ethnic InformationThe Kannawidan Ylocos Festival primarily celebrates the cultural heritage of the Ilocano people, one of the largest ethnic groups in the Philippines. The Ilocanos are known for their industriousness, strong family ties, and rich traditions, which include various forms of music, dance, cuisine, and craftsmanship.
Location of the City in the CountryVigan City is located in the province of Ilocos Sur, which is situated in the northern part of Luzon Island in the Philippines.
How to Reach the CityBy air: The nearest airport to Vigan City is Laoag International Airport, which is approximately 80 kilometers away. From there, you can take a bus or hire a private vehicle to reach Vigan City.
By land: Vigan City is accessible by bus from major cities in Luzon, such as Manila and Baguio. There are also options to rent a car or join organized tours that include transportation to Vigan City.
Nearby and Surrounding Cities or Towns1. Bantay (4 km)
2. Santa (7 km)
3. Caoayan (8 km)
4. San Vicente (9 km)
5. San Ildefonso (10 km)
Google Map LinkVigan City Location
Festival Main Events and Activities– Street Parade showcasing traditional dances and costumes.
– Traditional games and sports competitions.
– Cultural exhibits featuring local arts and crafts.
– Culinary showcases highlighting Ilocano cuisine.
– Beauty pageants promoting local talent and beauty.
– Musical performances and concerts featuring local artists and bands.
– Fireworks display and light shows illuminating the city’s landmarks.
Other Famous Tourist Attractions– Calle Crisologo: A picturesque street lined with well-preserved Spanish colonial houses.
– Bantay Church and Bell Tower: An iconic church with a towering bell tower offering panoramic views of Vigan City.
– Syquia Mansion Museum: Former residence of President Elpidio Quirino, now a museum showcasing memorabilia from his presidency.
– Baluarte: A zoo and wildlife sanctuary featuring various animals and attractions.
Famous Food Dishes of the City– Empanada: A savory pastry filled with ground meat, vegetables, and eggs.
– Vigan Longganisa: A flavorful local sausage made from ground pork seasoned with native spices.
– Sinanglao: A hearty soup made from beef innards simmered in a flavorful broth.
– Bagnet: Crispy deep-fried pork belly served with a tangy dipping sauce.**
Landmarks in the City– St. Paul Metropolitan Cathedral: A beautiful Catholic cathedral dating back to the 18th century.
– Plaza Burgos: A historic public square named after Fr. Jose Burgos, a Filipino martyr during the Spanish colonial period.
– Pagburnayan Pottery Making: A traditional pottery-making site where skilled artisans create clay pots using traditional methods.
One Line about their FameSt. Paul Metropolitan Cathedral is renowned for its stunning architecture, Plaza Burgos is a significant historical site, and Pagburnayan Pottery Making showcases the traditional craftsmanship of Vigan City.
Related Festivals in the Same Region– Pamulinawen Festival (Laoag City): Celebrates the unique culture and traditions of Ilocos Norte province.
– Raniag Twilight Festival (Vigan City): A grand celebration featuring colorful lights, street dancing, and cultural performances.

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Brief History of The Festival & City

Ilocos Sur’s Kannawidan Ylocos Festival, which you’ll find celebrates the region’s official separation as a province, began in 2008 to honor your heritage and foster cultural pride. It’s a vibrant homage to the area’s deep-rooted customs and traditions, underscoring the cultural significance of Kannawidan Ylocos. Through a colorful array of events, it draws attention to the timeless artistry and craftsmanship of the local community.

Moreover, the festival has a substantial impact on the local tourism industry. It beckons travelers from far and wide, eager to experience the rich tapestry of Ilocos Sur’s history and festivities firsthand. As you immerse yourself in the revelries, you’re not just celebrating; you’re contributing to the cultural and economic vitality of the region.

What Type of Festival is This

During Kannawidan Ylocos, you’ll witness a cultural celebration that encapsulates the spirit and traditions of Ilocos Sur. This vibrant festival is a profound display of the cultural significance of Kannawidan Ylocos, where the deep-rooted heritage of the region comes alive through various activities.

Moreover, Kannawidan Ylocos significantly bolsters the local tourism industry. By drawing visitors from near and far, the festival spotlights Ilocos Sur’s charm and contributes to its economic vitality.

Ethnic Information Of The City & Region

This region’s ethnic diversity is a tapestry of cultures that have thrived through centuries of history and influence.

As you delve into the cultural landscape, you’ll find that the commitment to cultural preservation here is unwavering. Traditions are not only remembered; they’re celebrated with fervor, particularly during the Kannawidan Ylocos Festival.

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This event is a vibrant homage to the region’s heritage, showcasing the Ilocanos’ resilience and their dedication to keeping their way of life alive.

Origin of Festival Name

Reflecting on the region’s deep-rooted customs, ‘Kannawidan’ stems from the Ilocano word ‘tawid’, which you’ll recognize as signifying tradition, legacy, and heritage.

This name encapsulates the cultural significance of the festival, illustrating its purpose to celebrate and preserve the rich history of Ilocos Sur. The origin of the festival name is a tribute to the region’s ancestral practices and the enduring spirit of its people.

Delving into ‘Kannawidan Ylocos’, you come to appreciate how the festival serves as a vibrant tapestry of Ilocano life. It’s an educational journey through the province’s soul, where each festivity is a thread woven into the larger story of their collective identity and cultural pride.

The History and Significance Of The City & Festival

The Kannawidan Ylocos Festival is an annual celebration that commemorates the founding anniversary of the province of Ilocos Sur in the Philippines. It takes place every 2nd of February and is celebrated for a week, starting from the last few days of January to the first week of February. The festival’s major activities are held in Vigan, the capital of Ilocos Sur.

The festival’s name, Kannawidan Ylocos, comes from the word “tawid” which translates to tradition, legacy, and heritage. It signifies the historical establishment of the province during the Spanish colonial period.

The festival was first launched in 2008 under the term of Deogracias Victor Savellano. Its primary purpose is to promote awareness and preservation of the local culture, tradition, heritage, and customs of Ilocos Sur. It also serves as an opportunity to showcase local products, artistry, craftsmanship, and boost the local tourism industry.

Ilocos Sur itself has a rich history that predates the Spanish colonization. The region was inhabited by people in pre-Hispanic times, with settlements primarily located in the lowland areas along the coastlines. The communities were engaged in farming, raising livestock, and had contacts with foreign traders such as the Chinese, Japanese, and Malays.

In 1572, colonizer Juan de Salcedo explored the region, and two years later, he established Ciudad Fernandina (now known as Vigan) under the orders of Governor-General Guido de Lavezares. Throughout the Spanish era, Ilocos Sur experienced various uprisings, leading to proposals for the division of the region to better manage the native population and impose authority.

On February 2, 1818, Provincia Ilocos was officially split into Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur through a Royal Decree. This significant event is commemorated by Kannawidan Ylocos every year. Later on, Abra and La Union were established from the territories formerly part of Provincia Ilocos.

The festival features a wide range of activities that showcase the local heritage and provide entertainment to both residents and visitors.

These activities include traditional games, cultural shows, drone light and dancing fountain shows, fireworks display, comedy nights, entertainment, food fest, pet shows, competitions, talent contests, exhibits, sporting events, trainings, street dance, festival dance showdown, and more.

Some notable highlights of the festival include:

  1. The Fr. Jose Burgos Awards, recognize the excellence and accomplishments of residents in various fields.
  2. Partuat ken Patanor, an agricultural and trade fair promoting local products.
  3. Period dinners are held in historical structures where prominent families and personalities wear traditional Filipino attires.
  4. Saniata Ti Ylocos is a prestigious beauty pageant for females representing different local government units.
  5. Tadek Ken Balliwes is a traditional dance performed during celebrations and important community events.

Location of the City In The Country

Vigan City is located in the province of Ilocos Sur, which is situated in the northern part of the Philippines. It is a coastal city and is positioned along the western coast of Luzon island, the largest island in the Philippines.

Geographically, Vigan City is located at approximately 120.34°E longitude and 17.57°N latitude. It is nestled between the Abra River to the north and the Mestizo River to the south. The city covers an area of about 25.12 square kilometers.

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Vigan City is known for its well-preserved Spanish colonial architecture, which has earned it recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city features an urban layout that reflects both Spanish and Asian influences, characterized by cobblestone streets, colonial-era houses, and historic landmarks.

In terms of its neighboring cities and towns, Vigan City is bordered by the municipalities of Bantay to the east, Santa Catalina to the west, and Santa to the south. It is approximately 400 kilometers north of the capital city of Manila, which can be reached via land travel or air transportation.

The city’s location in Ilocos Sur offers visitors and locals alike access to various natural attractions such as beaches, mountains, and scenic landscapes. It is also known for its rich cultural heritage and traditional crafts, including pottery and weaving.

Ilocos SurCultural TraditionsTourist Attractions
Northern LuzonViva Vigan FestivalCalle Crisologo
West Philippine SeaBurnay PotteryPaoay Church
Heritage ProvinceSinait Garlic FestivalMestizo District

How to Reach The City

To reach Vigan City, you have several transportation options depending on your location:

  1. By Air: The nearest airport to Vigan City is the Laoag International Airport (LAO). From there, you can take a taxi or a bus to Vigan City, which is approximately a 2-hour drive away.
  2. By Land: If you are coming from Manila, you can take a bus bound for Vigan City. Several bus companies offer daily trips from Manila to Vigan, such as Partas, Dominion, and Viron. The travel time is around 8-10 hours, depending on traffic conditions.
  3. By Car: If you prefer to drive, you can take the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) from Manila and continue on the Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX) until you reach the MacArthur Highway. From there, follow the signs leading to Vigan City.
  4. By Bus: If you are in a nearby province or city, you can check for bus routes that directly go to Vigan City. Various bus companies operate routes to Vigan City from different parts of Northern Luzon.

Nearby Cities or Towns & Their Distance

Vigan City, located in the province of Ilocos Sur in the Philippines, is surrounded by a number of nearby cities and towns. Here is a list of some of these places along with their approximate distances from Vigan City:

  • Bantay, Philippines: About 0.71 miles (1.14 km) away.
  • Caoayan, Philippines: Approximately 1.12 miles (1.81 km) distant.
  • Cabittaogan, Philippines: Roughly 1.51 miles (2.44 km) from Vigan.
  • San Vicente, Philippines: The distance has not been provided in the search results but it’s known to be close to Vigan.
  • Santa, Ilocos Sur: About 6.68 miles (10.75 km) from Vigan City.
  • Magsingal, Ilocos Sur: Approximately 8.00 miles (12.87 km) away.
  • Narvacan, Ilocos Sur: It’s around 12.09 miles (19.46 km) distant from Vigan.

Sure! Here’s an example of a table:

City/TownDistance from Vigan City (in miles)
Bantay0.71
Caoayan1.12
Cabittaogan1.51
San VicenteN/A
Santa, Ilocos Sur6.68
Magsingal, Ilocos Sur8.00
Narvacan, Ilocos Sur12.09

Other notable locations a bit farther away include:

  • Baguio City: Roughly 195 km from Vigan, known as the Summer Capital of the Philippines.
  • Banaue: Home to the Banaue Rice Terraces, it is about 243 km away.
  • Pagudpud: Known for its beaches, approximately 154 km from Vigan.

Main Festival Highlights

The Kannawidan Ylocos Festival is a vibrant celebration that showcases the rich culture and heritage of the Ilocos region in the Philippines. During this festive time, locals and visitors alike can indulge in a diverse array of activities which are the highlights of the festival:

  • Traditional Games: These games offer a glimpse into the playful side of Ilocano culture, engaging participants in friendly competition.
  • Cultural Shows: These performances are a spectacle of traditional dances and music, providing an immersive experience of the local customs and traditions.
  • Drone Light and Dancing Fountain Shows: A modern twist to the traditional festival, these shows illuminate the night sky with mesmerizing patterns and colors accompanied by synchronized water features.
  • Fireworks Display: The festival sky is lit with a dazzling array of fireworks, marking the celebration with a burst of color and light.
  • Comedy Nights: Offering a dose of laughter, comedy nights feature local talents that entertain with their wit and humor.
  • Entertainment: Live bands, singers, and performers take the stage to provide continuous entertainment throughout the festival.
  • Food Fest: A feast for the senses, the food fest allows attendees to savor the local culinary delights, featuring Ilocano specialties and delicacies.
  • Pet Shows: Animal lovers can enjoy exhibitions and shows that feature a variety of pets, celebrating the bond between humans and their furry friends.
  • Competitions: A range of contests is held during the festival, which might include beauty pageants, dance-offs, and more, adding a competitive edge to the festivities.

The Kannawidan Ylocos Festival is not only a testament to the region’s cultural wealth but also a time for joyous celebration, bringing together communities to honor their shared heritage and create lasting memories.

Popular Food Dishes of The City

While you delve into the vibrant traditions of Kannawidan Ylocos, don’t miss the chance to savor the city’s renowned dishes, like the savory bagnet and the tangy sinanglao. These traditional food items form the backbone of the region’s culinary traditions, each with its unique flavor and heritage.

  • Bagnet: Crispy fried pork belly
  • Sinanglao: Vinegar and beef stew
  • Pinakbet: Mixed vegetable dish with shrimp paste
  • Empanada: Stuffed pastry with meat and vegetables
DishMain IngredientsDescription
BagnetPork belly, garlic, peppercornsDeep-fried to a crisp, a meat lover’s delight
SinanglaoBeef, bile, vinegarA sour stew that invigorates the palate
PinakbetVegetables, shrimp pasteA healthy medley of local produce
EmpanadaMeat, vegetables, eggA flavorful snack encased in a golden crust

These are just a few highlights, so make sure you explore further to truly experience the full array of dishes.

Festival Attendance Tips

Before you indulge in the rich flavors of bagnet and sinanglao at Kannawidan Ylocos, ensure you’re well-prepared for the festivities with these essential tips.

For an enjoyable experience, consider these festival attire recommendations: wear comfortable clothing suitable for warm weather, and don’t forget to bring a hat and sunscreen for protection against the sun. Light, breathable fabrics will help you stay cool while participating in or watching the vibrant events.

The best time to visit the festival is usually in the morning or late afternoon when the temperatures are more bearable, and the crowd is less dense, giving you a chance to fully appreciate the activities and cultural displays.

Remember, staying hydrated and pacing yourself throughout the day will make your festival experience memorable and pleasant.

Famous Tourist Spots in the city

You’ll discover that Ilocos Sur is dotted with historical landmarks and natural wonders, from the cobblestone streets of Vigan to the serene beaches of Santiago. Here are some must-visit attractions:

  • Calle Crisologo: Walk through time along the famous cobblestone streets.
  • Bantay Bell Tower: Climb up for a panoramic view of the city.
  • Syquia Mansion Museum: Dive into the history of a former president’s ancestral home.
  • Baluarte Zoo: Encounter exotic animals and local traditional crafts.
Tourist SpotKey Feature
Calle CrisologoFamous historical monuments
Bantay Bell TowerStunning city views
Syquia Mansion MuseumRich historical insights
Baluarte ZooWildlife and craft showcases

Indulge in the rich tapestry of Ilocos Sur’s heritage as you explore these locations, each telling its own story of the past and present.

Famous Landmarks in the city

Exploring Ilocos Sur’s landmarks, you’ll uncover the enduring legacy of its colonial past and the rich tapestry of its cultural heritage. Dive into the heart of Vigan, where architectural wonders in the city stand as testaments to history:

  • Calle Crisologo’s cobblestone streets and ancestral houses
  • The baroque-style Vigan Cathedral
  • The majestic Bantay Bell Tower overlooking scenic views
  • Syquia Mansion Museum, home to exquisite artifacts
LandmarkDescriptionSignificance
Calle CrisologoPreserved colonial housesHistorical and cultural integrity
Vigan CathedralA baroque church dating back to the 16th centuryReligious and architectural marvel
Bantay Bell TowerAn ancient watchtowerPanoramic views and history
Syquia Mansion MuseumAncestral home turned museumCultural traditions and customs

You’ll not only witness the grandeur of these sites but also feel the pulse of the cultural traditions and customs of the region.

Related festivals in the same region

How can you immerse yourself further in the vibrant culture of Ilocos Sur beyond its historical landmarks? Dive into the region’s festive spirit by participating in related festivals. Each event is a celebration of heritage, fostering cultural exchange programs and invigorating the local economy through tourism and commerce.

Here’s a snapshot of festivals complementing Kannawidan Ylocos:

Festival NameDescription
Viva Vigan Binatbatan FestivalCelebrates the traditional art of cotton weaving.
Longganisa FestivalHonors the famed local sausage, boosting culinary tourism.
Raniag Twilight FestivalA week-long event of lights and floats, enhancing community bonds.
Siglat FestivalShowcases indigenous culture, encouraging preservation and education.

Take part in these festivities to truly connect with the Ilocano way of life.

Final Thoughts

The Kannawidan Ylocos festival is an annual celebration in Ilocos Sur, Philippines, commemorating the province’s founding anniversary. This week-long event showcases the rich culture, tradition, heritage, and customs of the region. It also serves as a platform to promote local products, artistry, craftsmanship, and boost tourism.

The festival features a wide range of activities, including traditional games, cultural shows, drone light and dancing fountain shows, fireworks display, comedy nights, entertainment, food fest, pet shows, and competitions. Highlights include the Fr. Jose Burgos Awards, which honor outstanding residents of the province, and the Partuat ken Patanor agricultural and trade fair.

Another important event is the Saniata Ti Ylocos beauty pageant, where representatives from local government units compete based on intelligence, beauty, and style. The Tadek Ken Balliwes traditional dance is performed to express joy and celebrate important community events.

To attend the festival, visitors can fly to Laoag International Airport or take a bus from Manila or other parts of Luzon.

Overall, Kannawidan Ylocos is a vibrant celebration of the province’s history, culture, and achievements. It provides an opportunity for locals and tourists alike to immerse themselves in the unique traditions and experiences of Ilocos Sur.

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